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Ambulatory Electrocardiogram (ECG) - Holter Monitoring

Ambulatory Electrocardiogram (ECG) - Holter Monitoring: What is it, Risk Factors | National Heart Centre Singapore

Ambulatory Electrocardiogram (ECG) - Holter Monitoring - What it is

The Ambulatory electrocardiogram (ECG) - holter monitoring is a test where the electrocardiogram (ECG) is continuously monitored for 24 to 48 hours and the signals are simultaneously recorded onto a special recorder worn by the patient.

In contrast to the usual 12 lead ECG, where the heart’s electrical signals are captured for only a few seconds, the continuous ambulatory ECG (holter) monitor can record such signals over a prolonged period at the patient’s own home or work environment. Hence, any abnormal rhythms or ECG abnormalities can be captured during the 24-hour monitoring period.

This test is useful for detecting transient rhythm disorders of the heart, which are not detected at the time when an ECG is done. This test is indicated for patients with palpitations, giddiness or fainting spells. By quantifying the amount and type of ECG abnormalities, it will be able to provide quantitative and qualitative information on the effect of the drug therapy.

The test is also useful for patients with possible ischaemic heart disease and not able to perform an exercise stress test. This test will help post procedural patients, especially those who have undergone the electrophysiological studies, to determine if the procedure was successful.

Ambulatory Electrocardiogram (ECG) - Holter Monitoring - Symptoms

Ambulatory Electrocardiogram (ECG) - Holter Monitoring - How to prevent?

Ambulatory Electrocardiogram (ECG) - Holter Monitoring - Causes and Risk Factors

Risk factors

There are no risks involved. However, some patients may experience skin irritations from the prolonged contact with the electrodes. If you are allergic to plasters or micropore tapes, please inform the medical technologist as they will be able to provide you with hypoallergenic tapes and electrodes. 

Ambulatory Electrocardiogram (ECG) - Holter Monitoring - Diagnosis

Ambulatory Electrocardiogram (ECG) - Holter Monitoring - Treatments

Ambulatory Electrocardiogram (ECG) - Holter Monitoring - Preparing for surgery

Ambulatory Electrocardiogram (ECG) - Holter Monitoring - Post-surgery care

Ambulatory Electrocardiogram (ECG) - Holter Monitoring - Other Information

​Preparing for the procedure

  • Take a bath and wear loose fitting clothing (E.g. big T shirt and no low neckline blouses) before coming for the appointment.
  • No fasting is required.
  • Continue with your current medication.
  • No admission is required.
  • Do not apply lotion, oil, or powder to the chest.
  • Male patients, please shave your chest.
  • You will need to return the device the next day. 
How the test is done

The medical technologist will first use methylated spirit to clean your chest surface, followed by the pasting of ECG electrodes. The wires from the small portable device (size of a MP3 player) will then be connected to these electrodes. Micropore tapes are then used to secure electrodes and wires. The device will start recording once the batteries are inserted into the device. A belt strap will be provided to secure the device to your waist. You will wear this device continuously for either 24 hours or 48 hours. 

During this period, you may carry on with your normal activities. Please do not attempt to remove the ECG electrodes or batteries, as this will affect the validity of the test. There is strictly no showering during the recording period, but you may use a wet towel to clean yourself on areas without the electrodes. You will be given a small diary to record the symptoms (e.g. palpitations, dizziness, breathlessness, chest pain) and the exact time of its occurrence. When symptoms occur, press the “indicator” button on the recording device, an indicator will mark on the recording to enable the doctor to co-relate your symptoms with the ECG. There is no need for you to reset anything after pressing the “indicator” button.

At the end of the study period, you will be asked to return to the National Heart Centre Singapore to have the Holter device removed. If you have the device put on in the morning, you will be asked to come back between 8.00am to 9.00am to remove the device. For those who have the device put in the afternoon, please come back between 2.00pm to 2.30pm for the removal. 

Your recording will be processed, analysed and interpreted by a doctor. Your doctor will discuss the results with you on your follow-up appointment. 
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