Cervical Cancer: What is it, symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment and prevention | National Cancer Centre Singapore
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Cervical Cancer - What it is



The cervix is the neck of the womb (uterus) that connects the body of the womb to the birth canal (vagina). 

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that affects cells of the cervix. The two most common types of cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. 

Cervical cancer is the 10th most common female cancer in Singapore. Every year, more than 200 women in Singapore are diagnosed with cervical cancer. Strains of the sexually transmitted infection, human papillomavirus (HPV), play a role in causing most cervical cancer. 

Cervical cancer is a highly preventable cancer, because it can be detected in the pre-cancerous stages through screening tests (e.g. Pap smear/HPV test). HPV vaccines can also help to protect against HPV infection. 

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