If the results of the ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration show that the thyroid nodule is unlikely to be cancer, your doctor may choose to observe the lump and repeat an ultrasound scan 6-12 months later to look for any growth or changes in the lump.
However if there is a chance the lump may be a cancerous lump, or the lump is causing symptoms, your doctor may advise you for surgery. Surgery will usually involve removal of the thyroid gland (thyroidectomy).
Some thyroid cancers can spread to the lymph nodes in the neck and your doctor may need to remove some of the lymph nodes in your neck during the operation as well.
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