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Progestogens - What is it for

Dydrogesterone, medroxyprogesterone and norethisterone are types of progestogens.

Progestogens can be used for the following purposes:

  • Preparing the uterus for implantation of a fertilized egg, where the egg sticks to the wall of uterus
  • Maintenance of pregnancy once implantation occurs
  • Enhance implantation of a fertilized egg (routinely used during in vitro fertilization (IVF)) and to decrease the risk of spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)
  • Management of various abnormal uterine bleeding including absence of menstrual flow and heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Management of menopause in combination with estrogen replacement therapy

It is important to use the correct progestogen as directed by your healthcare professional.

Progestogens - Side Effects, Precautions, and Contraindications

What side effects can Progestogens cause?

Common side effects include:
  • Stomach discomfort, nausea and vomiting
    • Take it after food to reduce these side effects.
  • Breast tenderness
  • Headache
    • You may take Paracetamol to manage headaches.
  • Dizziness, drowsiness
    • Avoid activities that require mental alertness and avoid using heavy machineries.
  • Weight changes, mood swings
    • Take medication at the same time every day to avoid huge changes in the hormone levels in your body, which can lead to mood changes.
  • Skin pigmentation
    • Apply sunblock when outdoors and avoid long hours of sun exposure.

Inform your doctor if these side effects become severe and bothersome.

The symptoms of a drug allergy include one or more of the following:

  • Swollen face/eyes/lips/tongue
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Itchy skin rashes over your whole body

If you experience any of these symptoms, you should stop your medication and see your healthcare professional immediately.

Before taking Progestogens , what precautions must I follow?

​Inform your healthcare professional if:

  • You are allergic to this medication or any of the other ingredients of this medication.
  • You are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding.
  • You are taking any other medications, including supplements, traditional medications and herbal remedies.
  • You have a history of or current medical conditions such as liver problems, stroke, heart disease, blood clots, migraine headaches, epilepsy (fits), diabetes mellitus or cancer.

What food or medicine must I avoid when I take Progestogens ?

  • ​Some medications might interact with this medication. Check with your healthcare professional if you want to take any other medicines, supplements or herbal products. 
  • If you see another healthcare professional, inform him that you are taking this medication before he prescribes any other medications.

Progestogens - Dosage and How to Use

How should Progestogens be used?

  • Do not stop taking your medication without checking with your healthcare professional.
  • This medicine should be taken after food.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. Then take your next dose at the usual time. Do not take two doses to make up for the missed dose.

What should I do if I overdose?

Progestogens - Handling

How should I handle Progestogens safely?

Progestogens - Storage

How should I store Progestogens ?

;#Keep away from children;#Keep in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight;#

How should I dispose of Progestogens safely?

​Pack this medication into a black trash bag and seal it tightly before throwing into the rubbish chute or bin.

Progestogens - Additional Information

  • Updated on 10/31/2022 12:00:00 AM
  • Article contributed by PSS National Medication Information Workgroup PSS National Medication Information Workgroup
The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth


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