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Ulipristal Acetate 5mg

Drug Class: Commonly Known As: Category:
Progestin Receptor Modulator Esmya® Adult

Ulipristal Acetate 5mg - What is it for

Fibroids are the most common form of non-cancerous, benign (not harmful) growth in women of reproductive age that grow in the muscles of the uterus (womb). Most of them are very small and do not cause symptoms at all. However, when they become very large, they can cause heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain and discomfort. The causes of uterine fibroids are not yet fully understood, however, they seem to be stimulated by the female hormones.

Esmya® is used to treat moderate to severe symptoms of uterine fibroids by changing the activity of progesterone.

A single course of Esmya® can be used in women who are about to have surgery for their fibroids. It can be used for more than one course only in women who should not have surgery.

Ulipristal Acetate 5mg - Side Effects, Precautions, and Contraindications

What side effects can Ulipristal Acetate 5mg cause?

  • Reduced or absence of menstrual bleeding and thickening of the lining of the womb
    • Esmya® leads to a significant reduction in menstrual blood loss and may even stop your menstrual bleeding within the first 10 days of treatment. You should inform your doctor if you continue to have heavy menstrual bleeding. Menstrual bleeding will generally return within 4 weeks after the end of the treatment course.
  • Dizziness
  • Hot flushes, fatigue
  • Headache, muscle pain
    • You may take Paracetamol to manage headaches and muscle pain.
  • Stomach discomfort such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain
    • Take the medication after food to reduce these side effects.
  • Breast tenderness
  • Acne
    • Use gentle, fragrance-free facial cleansers. Avoid picking or squeezing pimples.

Consult your doctor about any symptoms that becomes bothersome.

Esmya® has very rarely been reported to cause liver injury. In order to prevent rare but serious liver injury:

  • Blood tests will be done to find out how well your liver is working. Depending on the result of these tests, your doctor will decide if Esmya® is suitable for you.
  • You will also have blood tests to check your liver function during treatment with Esmya®. Another check will be done after stopping treatment.

The symptoms of liver injury include one or more of the following:

  • Tiredness
  • Yellowing of the skin
  • Darkening of the urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Right stomach pain

The symptoms of a drug allergy include one or more of the following:

  • Swollen face/eyes/lips/tongue
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Itchy skin rashes over your whole body

If you experience any of these symptoms, you should stop your medication and see your healthcare professional immediately.

Before taking Ulipristal Acetate 5mg, what precautions must I follow?

​Inform your healthcare professional if:

  • You are allergic to this medication or any of the other ingredients of this medication
  • You are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding
  • You are taking any other medications, including supplements, traditional medications and herbal remedies.
  • You have a history of or current medical conditions such as liver problems or cancer

What food or medicine must I avoid when I take Ulipristal Acetate 5mg?

​Esmya® is likely to make some hormonal contraceptives less effective. Women taking Esmya® a treatment for uterine fibroids are advised to use non-hormonal contraception (e.g barrier-method such as a condom) as a precaution to prevent pregnancy.

Avoid taking grapefruit,or grapefruit juice as they may interact with your medication and
increase the risk of side-effects.

Ulipristal Acetate 5mg - Dosage and How to Use

How should Ulipristal Acetate 5mg be used?

  • Do not stop taking your medication without checking with your healthcare professional
  • You may take this medication with or without food.
  • You should stop taking other hormonal treatments before starting this medication.
  • You should start taking this medication during the first week of your menses (if this is your first time taking Esmya®).
  • You should take one tablet daily, preferably at the same time every day, for a treatment course of up to 3 months continuously.
  • If you have been prescribed several treatment courses of Esmya® (i.e. 3 months per course), you should start each course at the earliest during the first week of the second menstrual bleeding following the previous treatment completion. Menstrual bleed will generally return within 4 weeks after the end of the treatment course.

Example: Your 1st course begin in first week of your menstrual bleed in February and last for 3 months (February-April). Break and wait for your next menstrual bleed to occur sometime in May.  Your 2nd course will begin on the first week of your menstrual bleed in June. This course will last for up to 3 months. (June-August)

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose by less than 12 hours, take it as soon as you remember. If you miss a dose by more than 12 hours, skip the missed tablet. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten tablet.

What should I do if I overdose?

Ulipristal Acetate 5mg - Handling and Storage

How should I handle Ulipristal Acetate 5mg safely?

How should I store Ulipristal Acetate 5mg?

Keep away from children;#Keep in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight;#Store at room temperature;#

How should I dispose of Ulipristal Acetate 5mg safely?

​Pack this medication into a black trash bag and seal it tightly before throwing into the rubbish chute or bin.

Ulipristal Acetate 5mg - Additional Information

  • Tags: Ulipristal Acetate 30mg
  • Updated on Sunday, December 1, 2019
  • Article contributed by PSS National Medication Information Workgroup

    The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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